The colony was not founded on the principles of freedom and prosperity.
Maps from this time show no prison buildings; the punishment for convicts was transportation rather than incarceration, but serious offences were penalised by flogging and hanging.
Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans.
The earliest British settlers called the natives Eora people.
Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity first started to occur in the Sydney area from around 30,735 years ago.
However, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Western Sydney's gravel sediments that were dated from 45,000 to 50,000 years BP, which would indicate that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought.
He travelled a short way further north and arrived at Port Jackson on 26 January 1788. Phillip described Sydney Cove as being "without exception the finest harbour in the world".
And Storm Keating looked to be relishing every moment of her sun-soaked getaway as she spent the afternoon on Shark Beach with her husband Ronan, their son Cooper and her father Gordon on Sunday.These troops patrolled the Hawkesbury Valley and ended the conflict by killing 14 Indigenous Australians in a raid on their campsite.Macquarie did make the most of less than ideal circumstances.Sydney's layout today reflects this lack of planning.Between 17 about 4,300 convicts were landed at Sydney.