Early stools for ceremonial purposes were merely squared blocks of stone.
When made of wood, the stool had a flint seat (later shaped concavely) covered with a soft cushion.
In Hellenistic times headrests and footrests were carved and decorated with bronze medallions carrying busts of children, satyrs, or heads of birds and animals in high relief. Although a bronze bed of the 2nd century has been found at Priene and marble couches sometimes occur in tombs, the usual material was wood.
The legs often terminated in metal feet and sometimes were encased in bronze moldings, and the rails also were sometimes covered with bronze sheathing.
In the same tomb was a folding wooden bed with bronze hinges.
Instead of pillows, wooden or ivory headrests were used.
Beds, stools, throne chairs, and boxes were the chief forms of furniture in ancient Egypt.
Although only a few important examples of actual furniture survive, stone carvings, fresco paintings, and models made as funerary offerings present rich documentary evidence.
From about the 6th century , the legs projected above the couch frame; these projections became headboards and footboards, the latter eventually made lower than the headboards.
From the Greek Archaic period onward many varieties of individual seats are known, the most imposing, perhaps, being elaborately adorned, high-backed ceremonial chairs of wood or marble.
Like the couches, they were supported on turned legs, legs cut from a rectangular piece of wood, or legs with animal feet; they frequently had arm rails.
Carvings of animal feet on straight chair legs were common, as were legs shaped like those of animals.
Boxes, often elaborately painted, or baskets were used for keeping clothes or other objects.